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Category : Persons Named In 1865 Treaty

 

 

The treaty of 1865 with the Cheyennes included this item: “At the special request of the Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Indians, parties to this treaty, the United States agree to grant, by patent in fee-simple, to the following-named persons, all of whom are related to the Cheyennes or Arrapahoes by blood, to each an amount of land equal to one section of six hundred and forty acres, …… to Jenny Lind Crocker, daughter of Ne-sou-hoe, or Are-you-there, wife of Lieutenant Crocker”

Who was Mrs. Crocker? She was a Cheyenne woman who had a daughter with Lt. Crocker, a white man. Following the Sand Creek Massacre of 1864, her daughter was specifically named in the treaty, along with other mixed-bloods, to receive land from the government as reparation.

It is unclear to this writer if Mrs. Crocker was present at the Sand Creek Massacre.

Her name turns up again in 1868. In his book “The Battle Of The Washita,” author Stan Hoig writes in Appendix E “An unresolved mystery surrounds the death of Mrs. Blinn and her two-year-old son, resulting from contradictory reports…….” And, “Even further mystery is provided by a statement in a letter from scout J. S. Morrison, who wrote to Lieutenant Colonel Wynkoop from Fort Dodge on December 14, 1868. Stating that he had just arrived at the fort with some other scouts who had been in the battle, Morrison wrote: ‘The prisoners have got in today. They consist of 53 women and children. One boy is Arapahoe. The rest are Cheyennes. Mrs. Crocker is amongst them. She is badly wounded. She says that her child is killed.” And, “One must logically assume she was known to Wynkoop as well as Morrison….” Wynkoop was present at the signing of the 1865 treaty and is listed as a witness.

The complete letter from Morrison to Wynkoop can be found here.

Mrs. Crocker lived until 1910. Following her death, the official heirship record provides the names of her parents, husbands, children, brothers, and sisters.

 

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There is a portion of the 1865 treaty with the Cheyenne and Arapaho that names Edmund Guerrier, along with several other people. This list of names, and the context of the list, has been of great interest to me.

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